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March 26, 2017 11:14 MSK  
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ZIOC RAS structure
1. PHYSICAL AND SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.

This section carries out the major part of ZIOC scientific projects and focuses on the following topics:

  • Theoretical and experimental grounds of organic chemistry, including investigations of structures and reactivities of organic molecules under conventional and extreme conditions, e.g. in solid state at high pressures under plastic flow conditions.
  • Formal logical approaches to the design of organic molecules and the search of new organic reactions. Experimental development of new synthetic methods for major classes of organic compounds, and search for new universal reagents and synthons.
  • Targeted synthesis of low- and high-molecular organic compounds possessing the designated properties for the needs of basic biology, medicine, agriculture etc.
  • Elaboration of scientific grounds for the nearest future technology development, particularly on the basis of electrosynthesis and high-pressure synthesis.
  • Development of the modern environment-safe processes optimized accordingly to raw materials, equipment and the number of steps.
  • Development of the instrumental analytical methods for comprehensive studies of structure and properties of organic compounds and mixtures. It includes design and engineering of original dedicated devices.

  • 2. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY OF NATURAL COMPOUNDS

    This section works on the elucidation of structure and synthesis of complex natural compounds, as well as development of the related organochemical and physicochemical methods. The major classes of natural compounds being studied are proteins, carbohydrates and carbohydrate-containing biopolymers, steroids, oxylipins and terpenoids. The section interests cover:

  • Total synthesis of complex natural compounds and their analogs, fragments, biosynthetic precursors and practically useful derivatives;
  • The search for correlations between the structure of natural compounds and their physicochemical and biological properties;
  • The search for optimal ways of utilizing natural compounds in organic synthesis;
  • The search for the new sources of raw materials for the identification of compounds with valuable technical or biological properties;

  • 3. CATALYTIC ORGANIC SYNTHESIS AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL GROUNDS OF CATALYSIS

    The work of this section concerns the following:

  • New catalytic methods of organic synthesis in the field of conversion of aromatic, heterocyclic and polyfunctional compounds and paraffins, especially low-molecular ones;
  • Synthesis on the basis of hydrogen and carbon oxides, asymmetric synthesis with the use of heterogeneous and homogenous catalytic systems;
  • Formulation of the scientific grounds for the preparation and modification of polyfunctional oxide, metal-supported and zeolite catalysts for one-step performance of complex catalytic processes, primarily of those being commercially profitable;
  • Application of modern methodology to the analysis of the structure, electronic and acid-base properties of the catalyst surface. Among the methods are quantum chemical, kinetic and instrumental techniques, including those of the surface physics;
  • Study of the nature and reactivity of the surface particles aimed at the elucidation of the catalysis mechanism.

  • 4. COMPUTER CHEMISTRY AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

    This section is dedicated to:

  • Computer simulation of chemical micro- and macroprocesses;
  • Computer-assisted structural prediction of new substances with the predetermined properties;
  • Investigation of the molecular structure-property relationships;
  • Development of the new methods for the interpretation of topological and geometrical properties of multi-electron system wave functions;
  • Development of the modern communication technologies and the infrastructure of scientific communications.